Narayana!! Click here to read some more details regarding shaligram
Shaligram Installation in home – Puja vidhi of Shaligram shila
Articles on Saligram – Salagramam Murthy – Sriman Narayana
Gandaki river nepal Salagrama murti.
Bhagvan vishnu makes his presence in salagrama and present in our home to worship without any efforts and struggles. Salagramam sila worship is easy to perform daily in our prayer room. Offering Saanidyam(salutation),rituals worship for lord in salagram form is ancient tradition for all us.God vishnu is easily pleased one who offer daily worship to salagrama.How to identify salagrama moorthy(sila) is a Complex subject for Experts and any bhakthas.Many form of Lord is associated with different individual salagramam.It is may be very vast to know that how to identify form of lord as well as which salagrama is not acquired for house hold.We can find all details on about Salagrama sila on this website.
In sri Vaishnavite household most of them have their salagrama handed through generation to generations.At the time of Family celebrations and Religious Pooja it is also gifted to elder brother to youngers to bless the generation to generations.It is compulsory to worship salagrama in sri vaishnava.Many of the srivaisnava devotees have salagrama in their house Pooja room but many of them donot know which salagramam moortham they have.
There are many ways to identify where Bhagwan Narayana is present in Salagrama form. According to Murthy Lakshanam and Identifications it is determined to know the form of lord. We should do Particular Sanidhyam(Sandhya) by identifying form of lord.The particular Sanidhyam(Sandhya) is covered in various puranam.
Only few Expert Acharya,Vaisnava devotee ,narayana bhakthas and acharya from muktinath divya desam can identify name of salagrama sila.
There are 16 form of SrI Krishna Salagramam, 13 form of SrI Narasimhan (Baala Narasimhan, Suddha VarAha Narasimhan, VidhAraNa Narasimhan, RaakshasAnthaka Narasimhan, VivruthAsya Narasimhan, LakshmI Narasimhan, Haara Narasimhan, VibhIshaNa Narasimhan, AdhO Mukha Narasimhan, Kapila Narasimhan et al). There are a dozen types and form of Raama SaaLagrAmams.
Different Way To Offer Salagrama Pooja /Worship
1) Taantric way – Prayer according to tantric way.
2) Bhagavath AarAdhanam – Prayer according to bhagvad gita
3) Chathurvimsathi Murthi sthOthra KaTana PoojA – This is simpler and any one
can do it by reciting this sthOthram in front of SaaLagrAmam(s) and offer
Pushpam, Milk and NaivEdhyam. Thirumanjanam can be done with few spoons of
milk as well.
4) Those who are in a hurry can take few minutes to recite the two dhyAna
slOkams, perform japam of ashtAksharam, offer milk, TaambhOlam, Karpoora
haratthi. The SaaLagrama Moorthys at home should not be neglected and
starved since inauspiciousness will result otherwise to the home.
The two dhyAna slOkams are:
- dhyAyAmi dEvam lakshmIsam Sankha-cakra-gadAdharam
peethAmbara paridhAnam padhmasannibha lOcanam |
mandasmitha mukhAmbhOjam madanAyutha Sundaram
maayAnirmita lOkaougham mEgasyAmaLa vigraham ||
- SrI lakshmI naarAyaNam dhyAyAmi
namO namasthE karuNAlaya namO namasthE kamalAdhavAya-
namO namasthE jagatAm ca srashtrE namO namasthE natsOka harthrE|
trAhi maam karuNAsindhO ! paahi maam kamalApatE!
tvayi bhakti: sadaivAstu mama sarvArthadAyini ||
(PraNavam ) namO naarAyaNa — Subhamasthu
- Even on days in which one is unable to perform AarAdhanam for SaaLagrAma
Moorthys, the ladies of the house or children can recite the above slOkAs in
front of the Moorthys, offer the food cooked for the day as naivEdhyam and
complete the aarAdhanam this way.
SaaLagrAma dhAnam is one of the most auspicious dhAnam. When one is
unable to perform SaaLagrama PoojA, which is the easiest daily ritual to
perform, one should give them away to temples or to those, who can accept
that daily duty.
Salagrama Divya Desam
The dhivya dEsam of SaaLagrAmam is a svyam vyaktha sthalamLord is self-manifest. It is 60 miles away from Kaatmandu in Nepal on the banks of GaNdaki River nepal. When there are dozen or more SaaLagrAmams at any home, then that home is considered as a dhivya dEsam.
Salagrama found place is It is situated in himalayan range of annapurna nepal. More about Salagrama divya desam Gandaki river,muktinath to read Click here.
Frequently Asked Questions.
Question: How many SaaLagrAmams should be kept at home for AarAdhanam as a
Answer: One is allowed. Two should not be there According to SaasthrAs, three and
other odd numbers are not allowed. Some elders are of the opinion that only
three is not allowed and all other odd numbers may be acceptable. From this, it
appears that one should be happy with what one has. (It may be difficult to get
a clear answer on this subject. There is a diversity of opinion).
If there are more than one SaaLagrAmams are there in a house, one should not
perform AarAdhanam for two SaaLagrAmams. Odd number of SaaLagrAmams
should not be worshipped. If there are 2 SaaLagrAmams, perform complete
AarAdhanam for one and just naivEdhyam for the other until you get two more.
If there are three, perform AarAdhanam for one and naivEdhyam for the
The Best way for those, who cannot do AarAdhanam, it is good to get qualified.
It is not recommended to remove the SaaLagrAmams from the house, where
they have been worshipped by the elders for a long time. Removing these
SaaLagrAmams may result in loss of fortune and even lead to bad things. Some
people exchange for some SaaLagrAmams, which are known to bring
In case we cannot do AarAdhanam, it is better to get some one in the house or
outside to do the AarAdhanam. On those days, when there is asoucham, it is 11
better to give the Moorthams to some one to perform AarAdhanam until the
theettu or asoucham is gone. On busy days, at least present Asanam and
naivEdhyam. NaivEdhAnam could be done by the same person performing
AarAdhanam or by the Mother or wife or some one else in the house. When
the ladies do naivEdhyam, they should do it without touching the
A HOME SHOULD NOT BE WITHOUT SAALAGRAMAM
Sanskrit – “GRAHAM SMASAANAM THAVA BHIMBHA VARJITHAM
BHoKTHAVYAMABAKSHYENA SAMAM HI THATH”
(Meaning): Do not eat in the House, which does not have SaaLagrAma silA. (It
will be desirable to get dhAnam of the SaaLagrAmams. Paadhukaa aarAdhanam
is another alternative). SaasthrAs say that Bhagavath Saannidhyam is always there in SaaLagrAmam since it is Svayam Vyaktham (Self manifested) in SaaLagrAmams.
“na prathishtA vidhAthavyA na cha samprOkshaNthikam
Saalagrama silAyAsthu poojAlOpO na dhUshanam ”
(Meaning): Since Bhagavath Saannidhyam is already there in SaaLagrAmam,
there is no need for consecration after an accident (dhOsham). Also, if there
is a break in the AarAdhanam, it is not a major consequence. When SaaLagrAmam is damaged, one can still worship as long as the ChakrAs are still there. According to VarAha PurANam
“SaalagrAma silA bagnA poojaneeyA sachakrakaa
kantithA spootithaa vaapi SaaLagrama silA subhaa:”
(Meaning): When it is slightly damaged, broken or cracked, as long as the
chakra is there, that SaaLagrAmam can be worshipped and will continue to confer auspiciousness. If the chakrA(s) are damaged, then that SaaLagrAmam can
Question: Is vigraha AarAdhana allowed with SaaLagrAma Moorthys? Is there a difference in AarAdhanam?
Answer. It is perfectly all right to perform AarAdhanam for both the Moorthys.
Every temple and Mutt (where vigrahAs are worshipped), AarAdhanam is
performed for SaaLagrAmams along with VigrahAs. There is however a difference in their AarAdhanams. In the Vigraha poojA, there is aavAhanam of the
deity. In the SaaLagrAma poojA, there is no aavahana manthrams except Saannidhya Yaachanam.
Question: Is it all right, if one does not perform daily AarAdhanam to the SaaLagrAma Moorthams?
Answer: It is not that there is no need for daily AarAdhanam for SaaLagrAmam.
Without doing AarAdhanam one cannot eat. SaaLagrAmam does not need
PrANa prathishtai (Consecration) since it is divine by nature. In the case of
VigrahAs, which have had Prathishtai, there is a need for prAyascchittham, if
there is a break in AarAdhanam even for one day. In the case of SaaLagrAmam
(s), there is no need for PrAyascchittham and one can continue the worship
after asking for forgiveness
(AparAdha KshAmaNam). That is what is taken as no need to do ThiruvArAdhanam. It is not acceptable to miss the daily AarAdhanam.
- oh yasoOdhA Piratti with the voice sweet as pressed cane sugar 17 Stalk juice ! Please call in Your dear son , who is causing havoc in our lives with his Intolerable mischief. I had milked the cows and got it ready for boiling. I left my dear Daughter in the house and stepped outside to the neighbor’s house to get fire wood. I got delayed a little to return home since I got engaged in exchanging some information with my neighbor. In this short time, Your son , the SaaLagrama Nambi sneaked in , drank the milk from he pot and then broke the pot. Your son’s Mischief is unbearable. Please control Him so that we can have some peace.
Visit Different Question on Salagrama Sila – Faq or Click Here.
Important Articles on Salagrama sila – Divayadesam Nepa,Salagrama prayer
PeriyAzhwAr Thirumozhi: 4-7-9 : If you ask as to the real place of residence of PurushOtthaman, who blesses us in the North at the dhivya dEsams of Mathurai , SrI
SaaLagramam, AyOdhyai, Srivakuntam and BadarikAsramam, it is the famous
city of KaNtam on The banks of river Ganga, which landed on earth with great
force due to the power of BhagIrathan’s tapas and during such a descent
crushed the mountains and uprooted trees in its way.
A majority of Kalian’s SaaLagrAma paasurams pay tribute to RaamAvathAram.
It has been suggested that Thirumangai was focusing quite a bit on
RaamavathAram here, since the name of this Divya Desam (SaaLagRAAMAM)
includes in it the Raama nAmam. Coming back to the Paasuram dealing with the
NrusimhAvathAram (Peria Thirumozhi: 1.5.7), AzhwAr visualizes Lord Nrusimhan as Visva rUpee and salutes Him as it were by the first naamam of Sri VishNu Sahasra Naamam, Om VisvAya Nama:
This paasuram is as follows:
Meaning translated in english- This paasuram might have inspired Swamy Desikan to state in his Sri Sookthi,
“thrilOkyam yEthath akhilam Narsimha Garbham”. PrahlAdA pointed out to his
father, “YengumuLan Hari”. He was attesting to the SarvAntharyAmithvam of
the Lord. In the second part of his SaaLagrAma paasuram, Thirumangai salutes
that all pervasive, Vishnu svarUpam of Nrusimha mUrthy eulogized by
Thirumangai visualizes the Lord’s ugra svarUpam, when he jumped out of the
pillar in HiraNyan’s sabhai. AzhwAr says that every one was afraid of that
fierce form of Vaikunta Kanteeravan (Naarasimha Vapu: SreemAn). “YenayOr
anja ari aayi” can be interpreted to mean also that every one except the gar-19
bha bhagavathan, PrahlAdan, was afraid of Nrusimha svarUpam. That illustrious Lord of unmatchable valor (oruvan thAnE) destroyed the arrogant HiraNyan in a fierce battle by tearing the asuran’s fat chest into two (vemsamatthu
pariya IraNiyanai oon aar ahalam piLavu yeduttha oruvan thAn).
In the second half of this paasuram, Thirumangai reveals to us the truths
housed in Brahama SutrAs and Upanishad passages about the
sarvAntharyAmithvam of the Lord. For instance, Brahma Sutram 1.3.1 clearly
states “DhyubhvAdhyayatanam svasabdhAth” (The abode of heaven and earth
-mentioned in MundakOpanishadh II.2.5) is verily Brahman, because the unique
term used about Brahman occurs therein. The above referred Upanishad passage says: “He in whom the heaven, the earth and the sky are woven, the mind
also, with all the vital airs; know Him alone as the Self, and leave off other
words, He is the bank (sEthu) of the immortal”.
Thirumangai instructs us that the Akshara Brahman (Imperishable Brahman)
referred to in BrihadAraNyaka Upanishad and Brahma sutrA 1.3.10 is the support for the two flames (moon and Sun), sky (aakAsam), fire (agni), wind
(vaayu), oceans, the universes and their beings through His aathma svarupam.
Brahma sutram (1.3.10) states, “aAksharamambharAnthadhruthE:” (The imperishable, referred to in Br.Upanishad III.8.11 is the supreme Brahman, because
we find it declared in this passage supports even that which is the end of
ether). The profound statement of Yajn~avalkyA in Br.Upanishad in his discussions with Gargi is what the AzhwAr might have in mind, when he recognized
the sarvAntharyAmithvam, Visva rUpam of Nrusimhan as:
- Here, AzhwAr salutes the Divya MangaLa vigraha visishtan, Nrusimhan, who
through His aathama svarUpam became the two lights (Sun and the Moon), Sky
(vaan), fire (Thee), wind (Maarutham), mountain (malai), ocean with billowing
waves (alai neer aayi), entire universe and all its beings (ulahu anaitthum aayi).
The corresponding message found in Br. Upanishad is: “That which is above the
heaven and below the Earth, Which is also between the heaven and Earth,
which is in the past, present and future, that is woven as warp and woof in the
- Oh My Mind! Our Lord Raamachandran crossed the forests populated by Fierce wild and domestic animals of DaNDakAraNyam, fought with Kara –DhUshaNAdhis With the support of His bow and arrows and displayed His unmatchable valour ; next, He Built a dam across the ocean to cross over to Lankaa to meet RaavaNan in the battle field and cut off RaavaNan’s ten heads. Oh My Mind ! please seek the Dhivya dEsam of SaaLagraamam , where Lord Raamachandra presides as Your goal for sathgathi.
- During the Yuddham at Lankaa , Our Lord pulverized the armies of 23
RaavaNan with its migthy elephants , powerful horses, swift moving chariots
and skilled foot soldiers with His fierce arrows spitting out fire. That
VeerarAghavan is now residing at the beautiful dhivya dEsam of SaaLagrAmam
known for its beautiful ponds and groves with fragrant flowers. Here, the
celestials assemble in dense groups to offer their praNaamams to their Lord
- Oh My Mind ! Please reach the enchanting dhivya dEsam of SaaLagrAmam, Where the Lord , who is the protecting anugraha Moorthy for those with dEva sampath and punishing nigraha Moorthy for those with Raakshasa SvabhAvam resides permanently. Here, our Lord resides surrounded by the sacred water of Gandaki; He is the indweller of the ever awake oceans with billowing waves , the stationary KulAchala Mountains, the eight directions , time measures like the kalpa kaalam , luminary bodies like Chandran and Sooryan as well a the darkness and holds the disc and the conch in His sacred hands . Oh My Mind! Rush to this dhivya dEsam to acquire the anugraham of SaaLagrAma Nambi !
- Here at this dhivya dEsam of SaaLagramam known for the Lord
adorning dense flower garlands surrounded by bright honey bees presides;
This Lord eulogized by the thousand names enjoys the coolness of the ponds
with many migrating birds . He is present in His Archaa form at the other 25
dhivya dEsams like Oorakam , Thirukkudanthai , ThiruppEr Nagar surrounded
by the floods of Cauvery . His valor as Raamachandran for destroying the
mindless RaakshasAs is well established . OH my Mind ! Please reach the dhivya
dEsam of SaaLagramam for attaining Parama PurushArTam.
The dhivya dEsam of SaaLagramam is the embodiment of beauty with its fertile fields and jala samruddhi . Here resides Raamachandran, who as LakshmaNa cut off the nose of SoorpaNakai with a sharp sword for her offenses against SeethA PirAtti . This Lord of SaaLagramam incarnated later as Krishna and saved the GopAs, Gopis and the cattle from the mighty anger of Indhra , who sent destructive rains over Gokulam. Our Lord lifted the hill of Govardhanam to serve as a protective umbrella and housed all the residents of Gokulam under its expansive space. This Lord of SaaLagramam , who took The vibhava avatrhArams of Raama nad KrishNa is the Nithya Soori NaaTan , who holds the radiant Sudarsanam in His hand.
- Oh My mind ! Please arrive at the dhivya dEsam of the Lord of
SaaLagramam with the beautiful blue hue and Suddha sathva svaroopam and
Reflect on the wonderous deeds performed by Him during His incarnations as
KrishNa and Vaamana . During His KrishNavathAram, He sucked the life out of
the raakshasi Poothani , who appeared before Him with as a loving Mother and
had the intention of feeding Him , “ the helpless , hungry infant “ with the
poisonous milk from her breast . As He grew up , He consumed with glee the 27
milk, Butter and curd from the houses of the Gopis at Gokulam. As
VaamanAvathAran , He arrived at the Yaj!na saala of Mahaa Bali and asked for
immediate grant of three feet of earth to be measured in His dwarf form and
once that ws ceded to Him, He grew up and up as Thrivikraman and measured
all the worlds with His three steps.
- Oh My Mind! Hurry and reach the SaaLagrama dhivya dEsam , where
the Lord , who incarnated as Narasimha presides. During that avathAram, He
appeared before all , who trembled to witness His frightening form. Only the
foolish HiraNyan was not afraid and challenged the Lord for a fight. In that
fight that did not last too long , our Lord tore apart the fleshy chest of
HiraNyan with His nails alone and destroyed him for his offenses against His
dear bhakthan , PrahlAdhan. The dhivya aathma svarropam of this Narasimham
shines as the two luminaryu bodies (Sooryan and Chandran), AakAsam, Agni
(tEjas), the wave-filled ocean And the entire world with its sentients and
insentients (pruthvee) and His dhivya MangaLa svaroopam presides over the
SaaLagrAma dhivya dEsam to grant us Parama PurushArTam of Moksham.
- Oh My Mind ! Please rush to the dhivya Desam of SaaLagrAmam
surrounded by fragrant forests of Sandal wood trees . Here resides the Lord
who removed the curse of Rudran , which resulted in him roaming all over the
world seeking alms with the skull of his father full of holes and which got
stuck to his palm . The curse could be destroyed only by some one , who could 29
fill that leaky skull with nourishment. Our Lord of SaaLagrAmam took pity on
the plight of His grandson , forgave him and filled the skull with amrutham
from His chest . The stuck skull of Brahma dEvan got detached and
SaaLagrAma NaaTan came to be known as the releaser of the curse that made
go through such misery as Kapaali wearing the bones of dead bodies and
wearing the ash from the burial grounds.
- Oh My Mind , please rush and reach the dhivya dEsam of
SaaLagrAmam surrounded by verdant groves with honey bees and rice fields
filled with abundant water , where fat fish swim lazily about . You will find
here the various sevants of the Lord, the nithya Sooris (eternally liberated ones) , d E v A s
(Celestials) and ordinary Brahmins wearing their sacred threads as the proof
of their anushtAna Balam praying for the anugraham of a small portion of the
wealth of the Ubhaya VibhUthi NaaTan . You will find them crowding the Sannidhi of the Lord of SaaLagramam seeking His divine anugraham .
- Oh People of the world wandering around aimlessly ! Please gain
Savroopa Jn~Anam and recite the thousand names of Sriman NaarAyaNan,
who is present in thousands of forms as SaalagrAma Moorthams on the rived
bed of Gantaki river. If You can not recite these thousand names of the Lord,
please travel to the dhivya dEsam of SaaLagrAmaqm , where nithya sooris of
Sri Vaikuntam throng to eulogize the Lord . Here , please recite (prattle) the
ten pasurams created by Thirumangai Mannan about SaaLagrAma NaaTan
enjoying the unmatched beauty of His dhivya dEsam surrounded by fertile
paddy fields, where Taaraa birds keep their vigil in the sky. You will surely be
blessed with sathgathi. Kaliyan points out that the recital of his ten paasurams
on SaaLagramam is equivalent to the recital of the VishNu Sahasra Naamam
(Sahasra Naama tath tulyam , which in turn was connected to reciting one
Raama nAmam) .
Salagrama names,identifications and Important Articles.
Those who take bath in the river Gandaki, who dances with her beautiful waves
and who is the origin of SaaLagrAmams, will be relieved completely of all their
sins; they will not be reborn on earth; they will surely attain moksha. Skaanda
Puranam talks of the correct way to identify genuine SaaLagrAmams.
Sanskrit – kshirova thandulovaapi saalagraamam niveshayeth
drushtavaadikyam thathhaa kinchith gruhaniyaath budhdhimaan nara:
English – After being placed in pure cow’s milk or rice for a night, if the rice or milk
gains weight; then the SaaLagrAmam is a genuine one, says Skaanda puranam.
Sanskrit – saalagraamam tulasim shankam chaikadhha yae cha
yo rakshati mahaa gnaanii sabhavaeth shriharipriyaha
MEaning – One who prays to valampuri white conch, SaaLagrAmam and tulasi leaf
together in a plate or in a mandap (Kovil azhvar), will be a great seer (gnani)
and will obtain the loving grace of Lord Sriman Narayana.
Vrutams (vows), Daanams (donations), Shraardham (ceremonies), Daevata
Pratishtai (consecration of Archa murthies) when performed in the presence
of SaaLagrAmam will bear unlimited fruits.
Sanskrit – Saalagraama shilathoyam mrutyu kaalae: cha yo labhaeth
sarvapaapa vinir mukto vishnu lokam cha gachchati
MEaning – Lord Sriman Narayna’s ever presence (nitya sannidhyam) exists in the SaaLagrAmam. Hence, when one is on the throes of death, on partaking the thirumanjanam theertam (water) of the Saaligraamma, one is relieved of all his sins and attains Shri Vaikuntam.
As a praayashchittam, one may perform donations, shantrayana vrutam or
upavasam or better still if one partakes one spoonful of SaaLagrAmam
theertam; that will suffice. Saligrama thirumanjana theertam has the capacity
to dispel all sins.
Sanskrit – saalagraamaha samaaha poojyaaha samaeshu dvithayam na hi
asamaaha naiva pujyanthae ekaha pujyatamomataha
Meaning – Even number of saalagraamams have to be worshipped, exception being two
saalagraamams. Odd number of saalagraamams should not be worshipped,
exception being one saalagraamam.
Sanskrit- shilaadwadasha yo nityam bhaktya sampujyeth naraha dinae dinae dharma vrudhdhihi paapa naashaha cha jaayathe
Meaning – 12 saligramams are called a kshetram.Those who perform aaradhanam to akshetram everyday with devotion, will accumulate punyam everyday and dispelsins everyday.
SaaLagrAmam should not be bought or sold for money. It has to be given away
or taken as a gift or a donation. Those who buy or sell SaaLagrAmam will attain
narakaa or hell.
Sanskrit – badhara kaashtae stitho vanhihi mathanae cha prakaashathae
yatha tatha harihi vyaapi saalagraame prakaashathe
saalagraama shila bhhagnaa pujaniya sachakraka
khhanditha sputithaavaapi saalagraama shila shubha na tatra dosho manthavyaha
Meaning – Just as fire sparks are created out of wood like aranikattai, Lord narayana who is omnipresent, shines as a SaaLagrAmam. Shila with a chakra , even if brokenor cracked, can be used for aaradhanam.We pray to Lord Narayana for the prosperity of those who perform AarAdhanam to SaaLagrAmams in their homes.
Pancha thrimshaadikai: pancha shathai: pancha sahasrakai: SaaLagrAmam:
SaaLagrAmam murthies are of various kinds. There are totally 5535 types of
SaaLagrAmams. Amongst these 513 are the best ones – so says the Prameya
ratnaakaram. Though we often say “saalagraamam”, “SaaLagrAmam” is the
right term, as told in the Paaraananda sutram, the tantric book. The connotation of the word SaaLagrAmam is as follows:
Shaalaya: ishwara: thaeshaam shaaliinam graama bhhoothoyam
prasthara: tasmaath SaaLagrAmam:
athavaa saalaya: sushaa: ganaa: theshaam graama: tasmath SaaLagrAmam:
MEaning – denotes One who is capable of doing everything i.e. the avataaras of
MahaVishnu in the form of vyuha, vibhava, antaryami, archa and the archa
rupas in the divya deshas graama: denotes a group of these
SaaLagrAmam together connotes a group of all the above mentioned forms of
Mahavishnu. This is a small stone found in the Gandaki river.
SaaLagrAmam is a place where all the forms of the Lord take sannidhyam (are
found together) as one and benedict the worshipper.
SaaLagrAmam can also be understood as a collection of thousands of small
stones which are endowed with divinity.
Sanskrit – nityam sannidhi: yetaasu parasya paramaatmana:
na pratishta vidhhaathavyaa na chaiva aavaahanaadhaya:
na aavaahanam na pratishta na shaanthi: na eva nishkriti:
dugdhena snaapayaeth bramhan sparshaadhyai: dooshithaa yadhi
Meaning – The Lord Purushottama takes nitya sannidhaanam in the SaaLagrAmam. Unlike,
vigraha murthies this shila does not require Prashitaapana or consecration. One 73
need not perform the aavahana of Swarupas like Rama, Krishna in this murthy.
Shaanthi and rituals for correction of doshas need not to be performed. If any
ashudhdham – transgression of code of conduct towards the SaaLagrAmam
murthy occurs, it suffices to perform thirumanjanam to the SaaLagrAmam
with cow’s milk – these are told in Paadma Samhita and Vishnu tilak samhita.
Sanskrit – Mantra upachaara vidhhibhi: heenamapi asya poojanam
muktim dadhaathi saaroopyam dashapoorvai: dashaaparai:
yaa kaapi murthi: sampoojya gandakii sambhava shila
English – There is no rule that only certain Vishnu murthies amongst the SaaLagrAmams
have to be worshipped. Whatever may be the murthy, if it has been taken out
of the river Gadanki, then it is fit for AarAdhanam. However, if it has a
chakra mark on it, it is special.
MEaning – Chaandilya smriti says that SaaLagrAmam Aaradhanam assures moksha to the
performer and all the people who belong to generations preceding and
anteceding the performer upto a maximum of ten generations, above and below
that of the performer; this holds good even if the SaaLagrAmam AarAdhanam
is performed with some blemishes like omitting an act or mantra or a prayoga.
Generally, Lord in the Archa murthy has a lot of saulabhyam; especially so in
SaaLagrAmam murthies, in which saulabhyam is maximum. Hence, we pray to
Naaraayana that more and more people perform SaaLagrAmam aaradhana
everyday without fail.
Sanskrit- Saalagraamodhbhavaha deva: ya:
ya: deva: dwaarakodhbhava:
ubhayo: sangamo yetra mukti:
tatra na samshaya:
Saalagraama shila yetra yetra dwaaravathii shila
mruthae vishnupuram yaathi
dwaaravathyath bhavam chakram shilaavai gandakii bhava
pumsaam kshanaath haranthyeva paapam janma shathaarjitham
MEaning – Mokha is assured for one who performs AarAdhanam to the Lord who resides
as Krishna in the Dwaaraka shila and Naaraayana who resides in the
SaaLagrAmam, together (at the same place and same time). Those who breathe
their last in a residence where Dwaaraka shila and SaaLagrAmam are present,
will be assured a place in Sri Vaikuntam. Moreover, those who reside within a
radius of three yojanas from the residence of the SaaLagrAmam will be
assured of these benefits. The shilaas found in the dwaaravathi river and the
chakra marked shilaas of the Gandaki river, can destroy the sins gathered by a
person across a hundred births.Balaraama and Krishna created the Dwaarakaa city where the dwaaravathii river meets the ocean; at this junction the dwaaravathii shilaa can be obtained.
Sanskrit – SaaLagrAmame harae: murthi: jagannaatha: cha dwaarakam
kale: dasha sahasraantey yayou tyakthvaa hare: padam
Meaning – Narayana sannidhyam in the SaaLagrAmam and Lord janardhana’s sannidhyam
in the dwaaraka shila is only for a specific period of time – viz. for ten
thousand years in kali yuga only. Currently, with vikrama year, 5101 years have
lapsed, 4899 years of saannidhyam is left. This is said in the Bramhavaivrutam.
Only, Saaligram aaradhanam is very amenable for us. Since, we are not sure if
we would get another birth as a human, it is wise to make the best use of this
birth and perform SaaLagrAmam aaradhanam
sakruth archita: vishnu: SaaLagrAmam shilaa sthithha:
dadaathi viphulaam muktim sarva sanga vivarjithaam
saalagraama shila chakram payodadhi kruthaadhikai:
ya: snaapayathi nunam sa: kalpakhoham vayeth divi
drushta pranamathaayen snaapitha pujitha thathhaa
sa dhanya: purusho lokae saphalam tasya jivitham
snaanae chaachamanae chaiva bhojanadhou dhanaathava
dhanathava bhojanaanthae cha SaaLagrAmam jalam pibheth
Meaning – By praying to SaaLagrAmam even once, bad company is destroyed.
Thirumanjanam or abhishekam with milk, curds and ghee is very special. By
seeing the SaaLagrAmam or by performing namaskaaram to the SaaLagrAmam
or by performing thirumanjanam, ones life becomes fruitful. The theertam of
thirumanjanam when partaken during bath, during aachamanam, during food and
at the end of meals would give rise to goodness. Hence, we pray to Lord
Naarayana that more and more adopt this way (of SaaLagrAmam aaradhanam) .
Sanskrit – Gandakyaah cha uttarae theerae giriraajasya dakshinae
kshetram tu vishnu sannidhdhyaath sarvakshetroththamoththamam
Meaning – In the south of Himalayas, on the north side of Gadanki river, nitya
sannidhaanam – permanent presence – of Vishnu exists. This is the holiest of all
holy places. Many holy rivers flow here.
This place is vast, spread over 12 yojanas. The Chakra river flows thru here.
This river was created by Brahma. In the northern part of this river, there exists a mountain whose rocks exhibit the symbols of Vishnu. People who visit the southern side of this river are very fortunate, since only there, the Matsya and Kurma SaaLagrAmam murthies are found .These murthies have beensculpted with differe nt chakras c a u s e d by the drawings of the worm vajra – keetam.
These murthies confer on us the four purushartas viz, dharma-artha-kaamamoksha.
The murthies are of two types :
1. jalajangal (borne out of water)
2. stalajangal (borne out of earth)
murthyah dvividhaah gneyaah jalajaah stalajaah thathaa
jalasthham komalam snigdham thatasthham parusham smrutam
Those got in water are soft and beautiful. Those borne out of earth are rough
These murthies can be blue, black, yellow, white, red and very red and of honey
colour and multi-coloured. Those with the chakra in the middle or left, or with
the fully formed chakra or which are round-faced or those with the lines of
lotus and vanamaala are fit for thiruvaAarAdhanam. 77 Amongst these the blue ones give all benefits, the black fame, white moksha and yellow money and multi-faceted happiness, and the red, kingdom.Those with the chakra on the mid and left benedicts good progeny – putra and
poutras – and fame, those with vanamaala benedict a good spouse – patnisoubhagyam, round-faced ones benedict enjoyment of objects and vak-vilasam or clarity in speech, those with padma chakra bring material prosperity -soubhagyam, dhaanyam and cattle.
Generally, the SaaLagrAmam that are be too big or too small or too broken or
very black or very rough are not preferred. Those of the size of elandai fruit
or gooseberry and having two small tiny chakras or the preferred ones.
tasyaameva sadaa kaalam shriyaa saha vasaamyaham
I stay in these murthies along with Mahalakshmi – says the Lord. Amongst the
SaaLagrAmams, the smaller ones are the better ones.
Sanskrit – vylakshanyam visheshena gnyatum shakyam na vai kalou
varna rupadhyavayavai: pramanabila laanchnai:
vipraanaam murthayah sarvapujaniya prayathnathaha
Meaning – In the kali yuga, it is the difficult to choose a SaaLagrAmam based on its
characteristics like the color, shape, holes. So, the bramhins perform AarAdhanam to all murthies with devotion.
Odd number of murthies should not be kept. One murthy can be kept as an
exception. Hence, 3, 5 etc. number of murthies are not to be kept together.
They have to be placed in different boxes and aaradhanam performed separately.
Amongst even numbers of murthies, 2 should not be kept. If any numbers
other than 4, 6, 8 murthies are present.
Types of SaaLagrAmams
THERE ARE 81 TYPES OF MURTHIES FOR WHICH POOJA CAN BE PERFORMED.
THEIR GENERAL CLASSIFICATION IS AS FOLLOWS :-
Dashavatarams – 10 types
keshavaadhi…. 12 types
vaasudevaadhi…. – 4 types
Even if murthies have dosham, it is perfectly all right to have a darshan of
them. This gives us all benefits. Only when one prays for a specific benefit,
the color, shape of the murthy matters. Those who pray for no specific
benefits, the shila-lakshanam does not matter; both material benefits and
moksha are bound to be begotten.
SaaLagrAmam shila yatra, yatra dwaaravathi shila, shankam tu tulasi patram,
tatra sannihitho hari.
Sanskrit- saaligramodhbhavaha devo devo dwaaravathee bhavaha
ubhayaha sangamo yatra brahma hatyaam vyapohati
vishnu padodakam nityam shirasa dharayeth pibeth
agnishtoma sahasrasya vaajapeya shathasya cha
yath punyam labhathe nityam vishnoh naivedhya bhakshanaath
Meaning – Narayana is always present where the SaaLagrAmam, dwaraka murthies, tulasi
and white conch lie. In a house where the dwaraka shila and SaaLagrAmam
shila lie together, even bramha-hatti dosha – the sin of killing a bramhin will
not affect the residents. Those who perform AarAdhanam of SaaLagrAmam
and have performed the gayaa snaanam, will be freed from all sins and a lakh
bramha-hatti sins. Those who bear the aaradhana theertam on the head or
drink it will get moksha for sure. One who eats the food which has been
offered to the SaaLagrAmam, is like one who has performed a 1000
agnishtoma and 100 vajapeya yagnas. Japa, dhyaana, and homas performed in
front of the SaaLagrAmam shila, will yield benefits 1000 fold.
SaaLagrAmam means one kind of stone, that should not be treated as an
ordinary stones like pebble or marbles etc. It is more precious and valued than
any other stones, which are said to be Hamsam of Sri Vishnu and has lots of
Power in it.
It is said that by doing poojas for the SaaLagrAmam in a proper way, we can
attain good level in our life but at the same time, not doing poojas can also lead
us to bad way. So, if we have SaaLagrAmam, we should be clean and poojas
should be done for it.
These SaaLagrAmams are found in various shapes and structures. Depending
upon the holes and the shapes, they are classified as given below:
1. LAKSHMI VARAHA MURTHI
Big and long hole and shining appearance. Two chakrams will be found inside the
hole and lots of lines will be found.
Another kind of this SaaLagrAmam are also found which will be somewhat
black and yellow colour mixed and two sides, Chakrams will be found and both
the holes will be of same sizes.
2. VARAHA MURTHI
This SaaLagrAmam will be of Indra blue colour and 3 big lines will be found.
This SaaLagrAmam is rare to be found and has very great power.
Another kind of the same category is found with a long faced which will be
covered by flower like structure and Chakrams will be found in the hole.
3. MATSYA MURTHI:
This kind of SaaLagrAmam will be long, looks like a Lotus and on its mouth,
lines will be found. The shape will be like a Fish and will be smooth with dots on
it. On the mouth, 2 holes and Chakrams will be found.
4. KOORMA MURTHI:This SaaLagrAmam will be in Indira Blue with 3 lines and its end will be slightlyraised upwards and has “Avartha Regai” (lines).
Likewise, lots of SaaLagrAmam are found namely
Suvetha Varaha Murthi
Poo Varaha Murthi
Maha Koorma Murthi
Koorma Varaha Murthi
Sri Seetha Rama Murthi
Lakshmi Gopala Murthi
Santhana Gopala Murthi
Dhuvadha Sathma Madhavar
Generally, SaaLagrAmam represents about a particular Murthi (Perumal) and
they have the shapes corresponding to that particular Perumal.
This is referred to as “Vajjra Kreetam”. Inside these SaaLagrAmam, the
Perumal and Lakshmi Piratti are said to be found and by doing proper poojas to
these SaaLagrAmam will give us lots of credit and the Final Stage, the Mukthi.
Taking care of these precious SaaLagrAmams in a proper way may lead us
towards the final destiny, the divine feet of Sriman Narayanan and at the
same time we should follow the proper method of doing pooja to these
SaaLagrAmams. So, if you have SaaLagrAmam in the house, by doing proper
poojas and by dedicating daily food, pure water and expressing the proper
Mantra to it can lead us to attain the Paramathma, Sriman Narayanan.
SAALAGRAAMAMS CAN BE OF THE FOLLOWING COLORS
White, yellow, red black, ash color, kapila (light red), black and red color mixed
as in smoke or multi colored.
Murthies and their Colors, in general
Vaasudeva kshetram white
Hiranya garbhan yellow
shriman narayanan green / yellow
vaamanan kayam flower color (light blue)
Colors and their benefits
black strength and progress
white moksham, charity and wealth
multi colored shri / sampath
Murthies unworthy of worship
Very dark colors, those whose colors are difficult to ascertain, dark red and
those colors not mentioned in the list given above have to be discarded.
Murthy and its vadanam (opening)
When the length of the vadanam of the SaaLagrAmam is one eighth the
perimeter of the murthy, then it is a superior murthy, if it is one fourth it is
tolerable ; but if the length of the vadanam is more than one fourth the
perimeter, the murthy is not worthy of worship. If the vadanam is on the
bottom surface, the murthy is not worthy of worship; vadanam on the upper
surface keeps enemies away; those with vadanam on the mid portion are superior and worthy of worship. If the vadanam lies on one portion of the murthy,
the murthy is not acceptable. Elongated and very lengthy murthies are not
All Sri Vaishnavites must possess SaaLagrAmaam murthies in their homes.
Murthies of Black and jamun fruit color are commonly found in homes.
We perform narayanan smaranams for bestowing all mangalam on those who
worship murthies of the right color, having correct no. of vadanams.
CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME SAALAGRAAMA MURTHIES
Has a shape of that of a fish and a mouth too. Chakras are found in the mouth.
On the tail, there could be chakras or shrivatsa marks. If the murthy has dots
or lines on the surface, these signify Vanamaala and are very auspicious signs.
Circular in shape, of the form of a tortoise, this murthy could also have lines
that signify the Vanamaala or lotus or chakra. Green or golden colored dots 85
may also be seen. This is a very rare murthy and difficult to obtain. Murthies
that are big, heavy, rough and jet black in color may also be called kurma
murthies. These huge murthies may have chakras and also exhibit other colors
like red and so on.
A long mouth with chakras on the inner surface of the open mouth, signs of
bearing the Earth – these are the lakshanas of the varaaha murthy. It could be
blue or black in color.
Of a long nose and one molar tooth, white in color and with lines of Vanamaala -
these are the lakshanas of the swaetha varaaha murthy.
Sporting a well groomed body with chakras on the rear end, face of the shape
of a spear – ankusha- and having a pronounced canine tooth; this nurthy is a
bestower of all good things.
The Varaaha murthy of Indra-neela color and possessing three lines is a
bestower of all fruits.
Of a long mouth, light red (kapila) in color, an elongated chakra with a large
torso (mid portion); this murthy has to be worshipped by sanyasis.
Sporting a chakra on the left side or with two chakras, black in color, smeared sadagopan.org
with dots : this murthy bestows material gains and Sri Vaikuntam. There may
be a big chakra with a small chakra at the centre, in the mouth of the murthy.
Huge murthy with wide open mouth, of blue or light red color : this murthy has
to be worshipped by sanyasis only.
Of the color of Indra-neela gem, small in size, with bright rays of Vanamaala
a n d l o t u s , t h i s m u r t h y i s r o u n d s h a p e d .
If the same murthy is long and beautiful, with lines of vanamaala, lotus,
shankha, chakra and gadhai, then it is called thrivikrama.
This is thick and long, with lines indicating bow and arrow; sports dots on the
surface, chakra at the centre; having many openings of black or orange color;
may sport lines of lotus.
Egg shaped, with an opening on the lower surface, kundala lines and two
chakras present in the mouth, lines indicating kalpa-vruksha, a chakra on the
left side of the head portion.
Sri Krishna 87
Possessing lines that represent the five Ayudhas viz. Shankha, chakra, gadhai,
Sharngam (bow) and nandakam(knife). Having lines of vanamaala and lotus and
sporting small chakras.
Sri gopaala murthy
Having the lines of PanchaAyudha as in the Shri Krishna murthy, with no
openings and with lines of vanamaala. The mid portion is thick with lines
indicating a flute. The same murthy with one half being red and the other
being black and sporting a long mouth, is called Madhana gopaala.
On both sides of the murthy lines indicative of a cane (stick used for driving
the cattle) and horns of cows are seen. Lines indicating a flute, vanamaala,
chakras of the shape of a spear, dharma chakras can also be seen in the mouth.
Worshippers of this murthy are bestowed with a long progeny. The murthy is
long and blue in color.
Hayagriva murthy - Face of the shape of the spear, elongated body with dots on the surface.
Looks very much like a ripe jamun fruit.
Lakshmi Narayana - Has a valley like formation, chakras on the top portion, well rounded shape.
Four chakras are seen in two openings on the left side of the murthy. Chakras of the shape of shrivatsa and conch are sen .
If lines indicative of a flying garuda are seen in the mouth, the worshiper is
bestowed with bounty. If lines indicative of Adhisesha encircling the murthy
are seen, then it is a Narayana murthy. If two chakras are found in the upper
and lower surfaces of the mouth, then it is called Laxmi narayana murthy.
Govinda murthy - Of bluish black color, vanamaala lines, of ten mouth lines with one chakra eachon the upper and lower surface. Worshippers are bestowed with whatever they
Sudarshanan Salagrama - Round or egg shaped murthy, with dots all over the body. One chakra in the mouth.
Hiranya garbham Salagrama - Generally, murthies that do not have any openings are called Hiranya garbhams.Inside some of these murthies a reddish golden glow can be seen when the
murthy is held against the light. The other lakshanas are: it is round shape like
the moon and the surface is very smooth. Big in size and black in color, the top
portion is elevated and chakras can be seen near the mouth.
Worshippers of these will have a very bright future. Worshipping this murthy
yields the fruits of worshipping a thousand SaaLagrAmam murthies. This
murthy yields the fruits of worshipping a thousand SaaLagrAmam murthies.
This murthy bestows a lot of material happiness. On placing near the ear, a
distinct sound can be heard.
Shudhdha sudharshana murthy
One chakra in the head portion and beside the chakra, symbols of conch etc.
are seen. This murthy bestows all the desires of the worshipper. Black in color,
speckled with dots it bestows happiness in this world. Of very bright lustre, 89
this murthy has signs of gadhai and chakra on the left side and lines on the
right. Of the shape of chakra, it has many lines. If this murthy has golden
lines, it bestows happiness here and in the other world.
Ubhaya sudharshana murthy
One chakra each at the top and rear ends. Black in color, it is of a very small
size. Bestower of all desires this murthy is difficult to obtain.
Murthies that should not be worshipped Murthies that do not have a regular shape should not be worshipped. Murthy that has a burn mark or is hot to feel or with lines of confluence and that which has no chakras and is rough, those with irregular shaped mouths , with a
crack ,those with crooked chakras,chakras at the bottom, countless number of
chakras or many bow-like lines , indistinct chakras, those of the color of bright
green, red as fire, scary to look at,triangle shaped , those with too many holes
or too many lines , should not be worshipped.
A SaaLagrAmam murthy is said to contain the fourteen worlds. Hence, Lord
Shriman Narayana is pleased by the act of donating a SaaLagrAmam. Only a
murthy that has been worshipped, is worthy of donation. One should accept
only such murthies. Both the giver and receiver of a murthy will accumulate
lots of punyas. One who sells or buys a SaaLagrAmam murthy will attain hell.
However a murthy may be, be it broken, damaged, cracked etc. it sanctifies
the place of its residence. If one is unable to obtain a blemishless murthy,
even a faulty one can be worshipped, provided it has chakras. SaaLagrAmam
worship bestows all auspiciousness. Bramhachari and sanyasi can worship
murthies with blemishes.
One murthy or even no. of murthies except two, can be worshipped. Odd no. of
murthies except one, should not worshipped.
COLORS OF SAALAGRAMAM AND THEIR ASSOCIATED BENEFITS
Saalagraama Of the color Kapila (light brick red) if worshipped will result in
loss of wife. Hence, this has to be worshipped by bramhachari or sanyasi.
Those of blue color bestow aIshwaryam and lakshmi.
Those of black color bestow strength , fame and success.
White colored ones bestow moksham.
Yellow ones bestow wealth.
Red Salagrama one bestows on the worshipper kingdom.
Those that are very red result in death of the worshipper.
Those of ash color result in sadness and poverty.
Deciding the murthy based on the color
Red color Narasimhan
Kayam flower color Vaamanan
Blue Damodaran, Aniruddan
Black Narayan, Vishnu
All colors Ananthan
Off white Vaasudevan
Pure white Adhokshajan
Honey color Bramha
This table can be found in the Shri tatwa nidhi.
DECIDING THE MURTHY BASED ON THE CHAKRA
If one chakra is present, then the murthy could be any of the following:
One chakra (mudra) - Pundarikan, vaikuntan, madhusudanan, raaman, balaraaman, sudharshanan, veer narayanan, ksheerabdhi shaayi, matsya murhty, parameshti, vishwarupam
etc. This is is a brief of what is told in the puraanas.
If two chakras are present, then the murthy could be any of the following:
Two chakras ,Matsya, kurmam,varaahan, swaetha varaahan, vaamanan, lakshmi
varaahan,garudan, bhu varaahan, narasimhan parushuraaman, veera raaman,
keshavan, lakshmi narasimhan, seshan, upendran,dadhi vaamanan, vishnu,
daasharathi raaman, balaraaman, kodhanda ramaan, thrivikraman, krishnan,
govarhanan, kalki,padmanabhan hari, pradyumnan, anirudhdhan, lakshmi gopaalan, santhaan gopaalan, madana gopaalan, bal krishnan, hayagrivan, maayanarayanan, garudadhwajan, narayanan Pundarikakshan, yagyan, shridharan,gadaadharan, lakshmi pathi, vaasudevan, maadhavan, seshasaayi vidhaarananarasimhan, vidhyunjihva narasimhan, gora narasimhan, kukshi narasimhan,vibhishana narasimhan, mahahaara narasimhan, kali naashaka ramaana nara narayanan, shankara narayanan, rupa narayanan, laskshmi damodaran, damodaran,shankarshanan, adhokshajan, dattareyan, chaturbhujan, mohan krishanan,sowbhagya varadan, rukmini vijayan, choodamani krishanan, dhanjaya krishanan,parijaata hara krishnan, shyamanthakan, hara krishanan, kaliya mardhanakrishanan, chanur mardhana krishnan, sudharshanan, murari, vanamaali,amrutaharanan, shri vatsa laanchnan, darnidharan, devadevan, swayambhukapilar, dharmaraajar, hiranya garbar, paramhamsan.
Murthies with three chakras - Narayanan, laxmi narayanan, daasarathi raaman, shaantha vaasudevan, narasimhan, koormam, achyuthan, keshavan, adho mukha narasimhan, simshumaaran,thrivikraman, matsyan, sudharshan, purushottaman.
Murthies with four chakras - sita raman, janaardhanan, thrivikraman, hamsamardhi, laxmi narayanan,vadabhadrashaayi, shri raman, budhdha chatur bhujan, govardhanan.
Murthies with five chakras - sita raman, shri hayaananan
Murthies with six chakras - shri murthy, taraka bramha, thrimurthy
Murthies with seven chakras - ananthan, sarvothomukha narasimhan
Murthies with eight chakras - mahaa narayanan, chakra paani, pithaamahan, ananthan
Murthies with nine chakras - vishwaksenar, achyuthan, ananthar
Murthies with ten chakras - hrushikeshan, govindan, ananthan, vishwarupakan, maha vishnu, paatala narasimhan, purushottaman, satyaveerashravan.
Murthies with eleven chakras - sudhdha ananthar, rudra shankar, rudra naathar
Murthies with twelve chakras - mukundan, sooryan
Murthies with thirteen / fourteen chakras, upto twenty five chakras and with
chakras more than twenty five also exist which Anantha murthy(incountables). But, they are not popular due to rare. Murthy without chakras could also be a shaiva murthy.
DASHAAVATAARA Salagrama MURTHIES
Matsya murthy - elongated, smooth , two chakras on the vadanam, one chakra on the tail, fish shaped, lines on the left side – this murthy bestows all auspiciousness. Black in color, face like a fish, with dots and vanamaala – these are lakshanas of a matsya murthy. It could be multi colored, have three dots and be of the shape of a conch also.
Koorma murthy - Of the shape of a tortoise, with chakras, with an elevated rear, beautiful
round body in the shape of a whirlpool, of green color with the symbol of kaustuba mani.
Some koorma murthies are of the color of indra-neela gem, with the three significant lines and of a big size.
Round or tortoise shaped, with lines of vanamaala and two chakras, of black
color, with golden dots is also a koorma murthy.Four more types of koorma murthies can also be seen.
Four types of varaaha murthies exist-
1. shudhdha varaahan
2. bhu varaahan
3. laxmi varaahan
4. swaetha varaahan
Shudhdha varaahan - Of a big size, of the color of indra-neela gem, with three significant lines.
Laxmi varaahan – Of the shape of varaahan, with chakras, with lines on the rear side, long, with an elevated rear, with two chakras on the left side and kaustubha lines on the
Bhu varaahan - Elongated face, of black color, with separate ring-like structures, chakra in the mouth portion. With a bent face, elevated rear, spear-shaped face is also a bhu varaahan.
Laxmi varaahan - Chakras on the left side and lines of vanamaala are seen.
Sweatha varaahan - Long nose, a molar tooth, glowing, white as cow’s milk, with lines of vanamaala and a beautiful appearance.
“Elongated, with a mane, chakras in the mouth and a possessing wide mouth,
right side being raised up, with an uplifted head , two teeth of the jaw being
visible, such a murthy is called vidaarana narasimhan “- says the bramhanda
puranam. This murthy may be worshipped only by bramhacharis and sanyasis.
Of the color of light red, with a knotted garland like structure, of red spots,
of long mane and chakras on the left side, of a wide mouth is another kind of
avidaarana narasimhan.Of many mouths and open mouths and of gold color is the Raksha-shaantha narasimhan. In this manner there exist seventeen types of narasimha murthies.
Vaamana avataram two types of vaamana exists viz. pure vaamana murthy and dadhivaamana.
- “Small in size, short and very bright, chakras on the top and mouth on the rear
side” – these are the lakshanas of a pure vaamana murthy says the Padma
“Of the color of kaayam flower and with beautiful dots and round in shape and
very small” – describes the bramhaanda puranam. Some of them possess five
lines also. “Of the color of indira – neela with vanamaala and lotus and very
bright and round and small” these are the lakshanas of sudhdha vaamana says
the varaha puraanam.
“Round and smooth and with clear chakras and elongated mouth and clear lines
and an uplifted navel, on either side of the chakra a flower like formation and a
garuda like formation near the chakra , with lots of hair – this vaamana murthy
bestows goodness, auspiciousness and good relationships on householders who worship”, says the bramhaanda puraanam.dadhi vaamanan With mahalakshmi on the lap, Purnakumbham in the right hand and bhiksha 97 paatram in the left hand and a crown on the head, of the shape of a crescent moon – this is the dadhi vaamana murthy.Parushuraama avataram.Two types exist – ugra murthy and shaantha murthy.
Ugra Parashuraaman - This Murthy has a white and black body, elongated and big mouth and chakrason the right side and the left side, dots on the chakra and lines resembling theaxe; on the rear side lines of the form of teeth ” – this is in brief what the puraanas have to say.
Murthy with bow and arrow formations, of fair complexion, and a seated posture, bestow moksham . Being an amsha of Vishnu and axe like lines , of the color of grass and a raised navel with brigt chakras is the ugra Parsshuraama say some puranaas.Shaantha PArashuraama
Axe like lines on the rear side is the shaantha murthy. Daasarathi raaman.
They are of twelve types.
10. Kali naashaka raaaman
11. Shri raaman
12. Pattabhi raaman
Raman - “Of the color of grass, with a beautiful chakra, with dandam (stick) on the rear side, two lines on the sides”, says the bramha puraanam.
With bow and arrow, with padma-rekha, egg-shaped and with lines of the
karpgam-tree; black colored rear”, say the other puranaas.This murthy has not been found in all the three worlds.
With bow and arrow , elongated, of a big size, with dots, chakra on the navel.With plenty of openings, of black color, is also a raman murthy.
Balaraaman On the rear side are found five lines; bow and arrow on the sides ; two chakras
“Those who worship Him will be bestowed with sons”, says the bramhaanda puraanam.
Sita Raama Of only one opening with four chakras, of the color of the dark blue cloud, with
bow and arrow, spear, umbrella, flag, lines of chaamara and vanamala. Bestows
victory and sowbhagyam to the worshipper.
Two openings with four chakras; one chakra on the left side, bow and arrow, 99
quiver, vanamala”. says the bramhaanda puraanam. Egg shaped with opening on the bottom, kundalam in the opening, two chakras on the sides. Kalpa vruksha lines on the top and chakra on the left side. Adorned With beautiful lines . Bestows all material benefits on the worshipper so says the Paadma puraanam.
Taaraka bramha sita raaman (with six chakras)
With bow and having the clefts of a cow – these are the lakshanas of this
murthy. Three openings and six chakras, of black color, uplifted and sloppy
rear side, of the shape of a big jamun fruit – this is the taaraka seet raaman.
Dasakantakulaanthaka raaman With kodandam, egg shaped, big and having two lines on either sides of a dent, of black color, a bow on the right rear side. Veera Raaghavan With bow and arrow and quiver, with kundalam, with vanamala, with small garlands, with two chakras – this is the veera raaman murthy. Vijaya Raaman With bow and arrow, quiver, of a fearful contour, two dotted chakras, with garlands – this is the vijaya raama murthy. Hrushta raaman Garland on the top side, bow and arrow, lines on the sides, two chakras – He bestows joy and moksham. Kali naashaka raaman Of the look of jamun fruit, of black color, opening on the rear side, opening with two chakras, makara kundalam, golden mark on theforehead, with bow and dots – bestows sarvaabheeshta sidhdhi. Round SaaLagrAmams have one flat surface. Elongated saaligrammas have a Long flat surface. These saaligrmamas have to be placed during worship, on their flat surfaces.
When the length of the vadanam of the saaligrammam is one eightth the
perimeter of the murthy, then it is a superior murthy, if it is one fourth it is
tolerable ; but if the length of the vadanam is more than one fourth the
perimeter, the murthy is not worthy of worship. Bramhins have to worship the Vaasudeva murthy, amongst the three murhties. Kshathriyas have to worship the Sankarshana murthy, vaishyas have to worship the Pradyumna murthy and the sudras Anirudhdha. Bramhins can worship many number of murthies. Kshatriyas should not worship more than three, Vaishyas not more than two and sudras should not worship more than one murthy. Those who worship SaaLagrAmams with Chakras three times a day will most certainly become muktas.
Twelve shilas together is called a kshetram. A vaishanavan who worships these
will be bestowed with limitless punyams. SaaLagrAmams with chakras and
dwaraka shilas when worshipped daily will bestow moksham. SaaLagrAmama
with chakra when donated is tantamount to bhu-daanam, donation of large
areas of lands including mountains and forests.
Wherever the dwaraka shila, SaaLagrAmam shila, tulasi leaf and shankha are
together worshipped and whoever partakes of that theertam is bound to get
moksham. Those who instead of partaking the SaaLagrAmam thirumanjanam
theertam, use it for prokshanam of the self, are sinners tantamount to
performers of bramhahatti dosham. That is why perumal theeratam has to be
partaken first and then prokshanam done with some more theertam taken
SaaLagrAmam of the size of a gooseberry fruit and with a sumukha face, when
worshipped bestows all the wishes of the the worshipper and moksha too.
Those with no bhakthi but only a kaama purusha – full of desires, when he
worships a SaaLagrAmam will be protected by the Lord undoubtedly. Even one
look of the SaaLagrAmam murthy will drive away all sins just as the animals
take to their heels on the sight of the lion. Even when one merely desires to
perform SaaLagrAmam aaradhana, all sins will fly away as the darkness is
destroyed by the sun’s rays. Even an impure person is rendered pure by the
mere touch of the SaaLagrAmam murthy; one who bears the SaaLagrAmam on
his shoulders will be akin to one who bears the burden of the whole world.
The worshipper of one hundred SaaLagrAmams, will be bestowed with
goodness that is indescribable. Since, in the Saaligram murthy the Lord
resides permanently, no aavahana is required; yet the agni puranam talks of
performing visarjanam for purification.
Let us all uplift our lives by performing SaaLagrAmam aaradhana in a befitting